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Why some men don’t have sperm in their semen.

Why some men don’t have sperm in their semen.

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Absence of sperms in the semen is called azoospermia .

What is azoospermia?

Azoospermia is a lack of sperm in seminal fluid. If, after one year of unprotected sex, a pregnancy has not occurred, this means that the man, woman, or both, may have a fertility problem. In 40% of infertile couples, the male has a fertility problem.

Causes of azoospermia 

You may have a difficult that shields your gonads from making sperm or that prevents sperm from escaping your body. There are three major causes of azoospermia: 

1.Pretesticular azoospermia: Your balls are typical, however your body can’t get them to make sperm. It may happen in view of low hormone levels or after you’ve had chemotherapy. This sort is entirely uncommon 

2.Post-testicular azoospermia: Your gonads make ordinary sperm, yet something shields them from getting out, as:

1.A blockage in the tubes that carry sperm from your testicles to your penis. This is called obstructive azoospermia.

2.A vasectomy

Retrograde ejaculation, when semen goes into your bladder instead of out of your penis during an orgasm

About 40% of men with azoospermia have the post-testicular type

Diagnosis

If you’ve been trying without luck to get your partner pregnant, your doctor might check you for this condition.

First, you’ll give samples of your semen, and a lab will examine them with a high-powered microscope. If the results show no sperm in your semen on two separate occasions, then you’ve got azoospermia.

Your doctor will then try to figure out what’s causing the problem. She’ll give you a complete physical exam, ask you about your medical history, and test your blood to measure your hormone levels.

If your hormone levels are normal, your doctor may order a scrotal ultrasound to look for an obstruction. A MRI may confirm the diagnosis. Sometimes, surgery is the only way to find the obstruction.

If you don’t have a blockage, genetic tests can find out if you have a problem in your genes.

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